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These three extraordinary mothers helped shape
the Hawaiian government, encouraged art
literacy among children and left a legacy for all
to enjoy for generations to come!
Alfred T. Agate, American (1818–1846)
[LL] Drawn by A. T. Agate. [LR] Welch and Walter Sc.
Engraving with later hand coloring; sheet 101⁄2 x 61⁄2 inches
Chiefess Kekauluohi (1794–1843) is elegantly depicted in this beautiful three-quarter-length portrait. Seated in a fine regency-style caned armchair, she is wearing a light-colored gown with a red shawl (most likely of silk). On January 31, 1835, she and Charles Kanaʻina gave birth to their only child, a son named William Charles who became King Lunalilo in 1873.
She was a figure of dignity with great authority and in 1839, Kekauluohi succeeded to the office of kuhina nui (principal adviser) with Kamehameha III, an office unique to the Hawaiian government of the time. In that capacity she cosigned Hawaii’s first constitution, which provided for a body of legislative representatives to be elected by the common people.
Anna Rice Cooke
Matteo Sandona, Italian (1881–1964) Charcoal and pastel on paper; 28 x 20 inches, 1913
Anna Charlotte Rice Cooke (1853-1934), the founder of the Honolulu Museum of Art (formerly known as Honolulu Academy of Arts) and husband, Charles Montague Cooke were patrons of the arts and had six children.
Son Charles Montague “Monty” Cooke, II and his wife Lila Lefferts Cooke were gifted 30 acres of land in Mānoa Valley where they built their lovely tudor-style home, Kūaliʻi in 1911. Situated along Mānoa Road, this historic home is currently a private residence featured in Paintings, Prints, and Drawings of Hawaii from the Sam and Mary Cooke Collection.
In 1970, grandson Sam Cooke and his wife Mary purchased Kūaliʻi and moved in with their three daughters. Over the next 45 years, Sam assembled a cultural treasure unsurpassed by any other private collection throughout the islands that uniquely reflects the everyday life, landscapes, portrayal of Hawaiian chiefs and the emerging multi-cultural Hawaiʻi beautifully rendered by late 18th to early 20th century artists.
Alice Theodora Cooke [Spalding]
Matteo Sandona, Italian (1881–1964) Charcoal and pastel on paper (sight); 28 x 191⁄2 inches, 1913
This portrait drawing is a striking likeness of Alice Theodora Cooke [Spalding] (1888–1968), the self-assured daughter of C. M. and Anna Rice Cooke. In 1917 Alice married Philip Edwards Spalding (1889–1968). She shared her mother’s interest in art, and throughout her life promoted what is now the Honolulu Museum of Art. She purchased fine works of art for the collection and served on its board of directors for many years.
Philip Edmunds Spalding, III, affectionately called "P3" by family and friends, was greatly influenced by his grandmother and credits her for nurturing his visual arts education. P3 recalls "We would sit in the back seat of the car and her chauffer drove to various construction sites where we watched heavy equipment at work. These experiences were the start of my series of photographs on this topic. One of my favorite moments was when she took me to see the Wizard of Oz at the Waikīkī Theater!"